Regional Oceans Governance Report
Oceans are of vital importance to the international community, not only for their living and non-living resources and the shipping and other maritime uses they facilitate, but also for the key role they play in the global climate and weather system. The marine environment, its resources, and its biodiversity are increasingly threatened by human activities, both maritime and terrestrial. While the threats require dedicated, separate attention, there is increasingly wide support for more holistic and integrated governance approaches that take account of the spatial dimension and functioning of ecosystems.
Given the fragmented nature of the current ocean governance at the global as well as regional levels, the report examines three regional ocean governance mechanisms: UNEP Regional Seas Programmes, Regional Fisheries Bodies and Large Marine Ecosystems. These regional mechanisms have different mandates, geographical coverage and constituency. Due to the limited coordination between these mechanisms, there are overlaps and gaps of ocean governance. The report analyses the legal, institutional and scientific foundations of the three mechanisms and assesses challenges for cooperation and coordination.
The Report can be downloaded here.