Convention and Protocols Status Page


This page lists the current status of the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena de Indias, 1983) as well as the status of the Convention's Protocols:
  • Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Oil Spills in the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena de Indias, 1983);
  • The Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife in the Wider Caribbean Region (Kingston, 1990); and
  • The Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities in the Wider Caribbean Region (Oranjestad, 1999).

The status of ratification on this page is based upon information provided by the Depository of the Cartagena Convention and its protocols in Colombia.

Signatory Status

 

 

 


For clarification of terms please refer to
The Fine Print.


The Cartagena Convention

State Date of Signature Ratified / Acceded
Antigua and Barbuda   11-Sep-86
Bahamas    
Barbados 05-Mar-84 28-May-85
Belize    
Colombia 24-Mar-83 03-Mar-88
Costa Rica   01-Aug-91
Cuba   15-Sep-88
Dominica   05-Oct-90
Dominican Republic   24-Nov-98
France* 24-Mar-83 13-Nov-85
Grenada 24-Mar-83 17-Aug-87
Guatemala 05-Jul-83 18-Dec-89
Guyana    
Haiti    
Honduras 24-Mar-83  
Jamaica 24-Mar-83 01-Apr-87
Mexico 24-Mar-83 11-Apr-85
Netherlands** 24-Mar-83 16-Apr-84
Nicaragua 24-Mar-83  
Panama 24-Mar-83 07-Nov-87
St. Kitts and Nevis    
Saint Lucia 24-Mar-83 20-Nov-84
St. Vincent and the Grenadines   11-Jul-90
Suriname    
Trinidad and Tobago   24-Jan-86
United Kingdom*** 24-Mar-83 28-Feb-86
United States of America 24-Mar-83 31-Oct-84
Venezuela 24-Mar-83 18-Dec-86
     
European Economic Commission
(European Union)
24-Mar-83  

The majority of the signatories to the Convention signed the document at its adoption in Cartagena in March of 1983. Ratification by the signatories ocurred in the following years. The only signatories not yet to ratify the Convention include Honduras, Nicaragua and the European Economic Commission (now called the European Union). A number of other nations which did not sign the Convention have acceded to it, as provided by Article 27 of the Convention. Upon receipt of the ninth ratification, the Convention entered into force as described in Article 28 of the Convention, on 11 October 1986.


Notes:

* France signed with reserve.
** Ratified on behalf of the Netherlands Antilles Federation on 16 April 1984, and for Aruba as of 1 January 1986.
*** Ratified on behalf of the Cayman Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands on 28 February 1986, reserving the right to extend it at a future date to include other territories. On 21 November 1987, it was extended to the British Virgin Islands

Note from the Secretariat:
The other Territories of the United Kingdom participating in the Caribbean Environment Programme are Anguilla and Montserrat.




The Oil Spills Protocol

State Date of Signature Ratified / Acceded
Antigua and Barbuda   11-Sep-86
Bahamas    
Barbados 05-Mar-84 28-May-85
Belize   22-Sep-99
Colombia 24-Mar-83 03-Mar-88
Costa Rica   01-Aug-91
Cuba   15-Sep-88
Dominica   05-Oct-90
Dominican Republic   24-Nov-98
France 24-Mar-83 13-Nov-85
Grenada 24-Mar-83 17-Aug-87
Guatemala 05-Jul-83 18-Dec-89
Guyana    
Haiti    
Honduras 24-Mar-83  
Jamaica 24-Mar-83 01-Apr-87
Mexico 24-Mar-83 11-Apr-85
Netherlands 24-Mar-83 16-Apr-84
Nicaragua 24-Mar-83  
Panama 24-Mar-83 07-Nov-87
St. Kitts and Nevis    
Saint Lucia 24-Mar-83 20-Nov-84
St. Vincent and the Grenadines   11-Jul-90
Suriname    
Trinidad and Tobago   24-Jan-86
United Kingdom 24-Mar-83 28-Feb-86
United States of America 24-Mar-83 31-Oct-84
Venezuela 24-Mar-83 18-Dec-86
     
European Economic Commission    

With the exception of the E.E.C. (E.U.), all states simultaneously signed the Oil Spills Protocol with the Convention. In almost all cases the Oil Spills Protocol was ratified or acceded to by a state at the same time as that state ratified or acceded to the Convention. The Oil Spills Protocol entered into force simultaneously with the Convention on 11 October 1986.




The SPAW Protocol

State Date of Signature Ratified / Acceded
Antigua and Barbuda 18-Jan-90  
Bahamas    
Barbados   Nov-02
Belize    
Colombia 18-Jan-90 05-Jan-98
Costa Rica    
Cuba 18-Jan-90 04-Aug-98
Dominica    
Dominican Republic   24-Nov-98
France 18-Jan-90 05-Apr-2002
Grenada    
Guatemala 18-Jan-90  
Guyana    
Haiti    
Honduras    
Jamaica 18-Jan-90  
Mexico 18-Jan-90  
Netherlands 18-Jan-90 02-Mar-92
Nicaragua    
Panama 16-Jan-91 27-Sep-96
St. Kitts and Nevis    
Saint Lucia 18-Jan-90 25-Apr-00
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26-Jul-91 26-Jul-91
Suriname    
Trinidad and Tobago 18-Jan-90 10-Aug-99
United Kingdom 18-Jan-90  
United States of America 18-Jan-90 16-Apr-03
Venezuela 18-Jan-90 28-Jan-97
     
European Economic Commission    

The SPAW Protocol has yet to enter into force as of the date of this page (see below). It awaits ratification by two more signatories to reach the nine signatory ratifications necessary for its entry into force as required by Article 27 of the SPAW Protocol.




The LBS Protocol

State Date of Signature Ratified / Acceded
Antigua and Barbuda    
Bahamas    
Barbados    
Belize    
Colombia 02-Oct-00  
Costa Rica 06-Oct-99  
Cuba    
Dominica    
Dominican Republic 03-Aug-00  
France 06-Oct-99  
Grenada    
Guatemala    
Guyana    
Haiti    
Honduras    
Jamaica    
Mexico    
Netherlands 06-Oct-99  
Nicaragua    
Panama    
St. Kitts and Nevis    
Saint Lucia    
St. Vincent and the Grenadines    
Suriname    
Trinidad and Tobago    
United Kingdom    
United States of America 06-Oct-99  
Venezuela    
     
European Economic Commission    

The LBS Protocol was opened for signature on 6 October 1999 in Oranjestad, Aruba.  The LBS Protocol will be open for signature in Bogotá, Colombia until 7 October 2000.




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