Caribbean Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
CEP Technical Report No. 38 1997
Coastal Tourism in the Wider Caribbean Region: Impacts and Best Management Practices
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables and Figures
2. TOURISM AND COASTAL RESOURCES DEGRADATION
2.1 Overview of Coastal Resources Degradation
2.2 Tourism Impacts on the Coastal Zone
2.3 Physical Planning and Coastal Zone Degradation
3. DETRIMENTAL PRACTICES OF THE TOURIST INDUSTRY IN THE WIDER CARIBBEAN
3.1 Most Detrimental Tourism Practices
4. COSTS AND BENEFITS OF COASTAL RESOURCES UTILISATION
5. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN COASTAL TOURISM
5.1 Best Management Practices in Planning and Design
5.2 Best Management Practices for Operation of Tourism Facilities
5.3 Existing Programmes to Promote Best Management Practices in Tourism
6. INITIATIVES FOR MITIGATION OF COASTAL RESOURCES DEGRADATION
6.1 Present Needs
7. ISSUES FOR CONSIDERATION
List of Acronyms
Appendix 1: Bibliography of Publications on Coastal Resources Degradation
Appendix 2: Listing of Available Publications on Best Management Practices for the Travel and Tourism Industry
Appendix 3: Four Case Studies Showing Adoption of Best Management Practices in the Design and Operation of Tourism Facilities/Services.
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This document was commissioned by UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme from Lloyd Gardner of Ecotech Inc. Ltd., Kingston, Jamaica, under the USAID/UNEP Caribbean Environmental Network (CEN) Project (CR/FP/0401-94-15[CP/0401-94-47]).
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For bibliographic purposes the printed version of this document may be cited as:
UNEP: Coastal Tourism in the Wider Caribbean Region: Impacts and Best Management Practices CEP Technical Report No. 38. UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme, Kingston 1997.
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The series of CEP Technical Reports contains selected information resulting from the various activities performed within the framework of the UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP). CEP was initiated in 1976 by UNEP with the assistance of ECLAC, at the request of the Governments of the region. A framework for regional projects and activities was first formulated in Montego Bay in 1981, when the Action Plan for the Caribbean Environment Programme was adopted by the First Intergovernmental Meeting.
The major legal instrument of CEP was adopted at the Second Intergovernmental Meeting, convened at Cartagena de Indias, in 1983: the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region. The Cartagena Convention provides a framework for the development of specific protocols.
The implementation of CEP is supported mainly by the Caribbean Trust Fund, established by the participating States and Territories. Their active participation is ensured through regular Intergovernmental and Contracting Parties Meetings, a rotating Monitoring Committee formed by representatives from nine States and Territories and through the National Focal Points. The principal focal point in each State or Territory is the ministry or department responsible for external relations or foreign affairs. Additionally, the agency responsible for the management of marine and coastal resources is the focal point for technical purposes.
Currently the Action Plan of CEP concentrates in five major areas for management of marine and coastal resources: Overall Co-ordination, Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW), Assessment and Management of Environmental Pollution (AMEP), Information Systems (CEPNET), and Education, Training and Awareness (ETA).
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