The Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded “Testing a Prototype Caribbean Regional Fund for Wastewater Management (CReW)” project is a four year project which uses an integrated and innovative approach to reduce the negative environmental and human health impacts from untreated wastewater discharges.
The project’s overall objective is to establish innovative financing mechanisms for cost-effective and sustainable financing of wastewater management in the Wider Caribbean Region with supporting objectives being to facilitate policy discussions, strengthen legislative frameworks and promote regional dialogue and knowledge exchange among the key stakeholders in the Wider Caribbean Region.
The expected results from the project include:
- Testing of innovative financial mechanisms for replication and/or upscaling in the region;
- Improved marine and coastal ecosystems functioning as a result of wastewater investments and policy reforms;
- Improved well-being of people whose livelihood depends on coastal and marine ecosystems;
- Enhanced pollution control in the Caribbean Basin;
- Reduction in the incidence of waterborne diseases;
- Increased ratification and implementation of the Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution Protocol (LBS Protocol);
- Reduced marine environmental degradation and strengthening of long-term, cross-cutting and sustainable protection of strategic and coastal ecosystems.
GEF CReW is providing financial and technical support to 13 participating Wider Caribbean countries: Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Panama, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad & Tobago.
The project began in 2011 and is scheduled for completion in 2015. The total GEF grant allocation is USD 20,000,000 but the total budget, including in-kind and loan co-financing, is USD 272,886,996.
GEF CReW is being implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and executed by UNEP’s Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP), Government Agencies, and wastewater management utility companies from the four pilot countries of Belize, Jamaica, Guyana and Trinidad & Tobago.
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The “Integrating Water, Land and Ecosystem Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States - GEF IWEco”, has been developed as a successor project to the Integrated Watershed and Coastal Areas Management Project (IWCAM), which was funded by the Global Environment Facility. This new project is currently under review by the GEF Secretariat possible approval and funding.
The GEF IWEco project proposal has a total budget of USD 88.7 million including cash and in-kind co-financing with a total GEF requested cash allocation of USD 20,722,572. Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago are the ten Caribbean countries which have committed to participating in this project.
GEF-IWEco is proposed to be a five-year regional multi-focal area project financed under the GEF Focal Areas: International Waters, Land Degradation, Biodiversity and Sustainable Forest Management. The project’s primary goal is the implementation of an integrated approach to water, land and ecosystems services management, supported by policy, institutional and legislative reforms, and implementation of effective appropriate technologies to accelerate contribution to global targets on access to safe and reliable water supplies and improved sanitation, and contributing to improved ecosystem functioning in the Caribbean.
By the end of its tenure, the project is expected to have:
- Pollution reduction technologies and ecosystem functioning enhancement measures implemented in local demonstrations and investments;
- Enhanced capacity for issues of climatic variability and change and surface and groundwater management;
- Agreed commitments to sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) and Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) cooperation frameworks;
- National and local policy/legal/institutional reforms adopted/ implemented;
- Integrated land management plans developed and implemented;
- Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), sustainable land management (SLM) and ecosystem management tools and methodologies developed and tested;
- Information on IWRM technologies and good practice guidelines disseminated;
- National and sub‐national land‐use plans developed that incorporate biodiversity and ecosystem services valuation;
- Enhanced carbon sinks from reduced forest degradation over 4,500 ha.
The GEF IWEco Project is expected to last five years and, subject to approval by the GEF, scheduled to begin implementation by the end of 2014 and conclude in 2019. The project is to be co-implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and co-executed by UNEP’s Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP) and the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA).
The GEF IWEco Project website will be available soon. To view the project flyer and access the full project proposal, please click here.
“Catalysing Implementation of Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for the Sustainable Management of shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystems” is expected to be a five year project co-financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project is proposed to cover two of the World’s 64 Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs): the Caribbean LME (CLME) and the North Brazil Shelf LME (NBSLME) jointly referred to as CLME+. The GEF CLME+ will follow on the results of its predecessor, the CLME Project, and is currently being reviewed for finalisation and submission to the GEF Secretariat for approval. Subject to final approval by the GEF, the project is expected to begin in 2015 and end in 2019.
The project will serve GEF eligible countries including Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago with partnerships established with non GEF eligible countries such as the United States of America.
The UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project is projecting an overall budget of USD124, 354, 059 including co-financing of USD 110,854,000 and a cash grant of USD12,500,000 from the GEF. The project is being implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) UNEP CEP will support execution of activities consistent with its mandate as the Secretariat for the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols.
The main objective for the UNDP/GEF CLME+ Project is to facilitate an ecosystem-based management/ecosystem approach to fisheries (EBM/EAF) in the CLME+ for the sustainable and climate resilient provision of goods and services from shared living marine resources, in line with the endorsed CLME+ Strategic Action Programme (SAP).
The project proposes five components which are expected to deliver the following outcomes:
- Improved, integrative governance arrangements for sustainable fisheries and for the protection of the marine environment;
- Strengthened institutional and stakeholder capacity for sustainable and climate-resilient shared living marine resources management (sLMR) at regional, sub- regional, national and local levels;
- Progressive reduction of environmental stresses and enhancement of livelihoods demonstrated, across the thematic and geographical scope of the CLME+ SAP; and
- Financing catalysed for the scaling-up of priority actions for the protection of the marine environment and for ensuring sustainable, climate resilient livelihoods and socio-economic development from sLMR use in the CLME+.
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“Integrating Watershed and Coastal Area Management (IWCAM) in the Small Island Development States (SIDS) of the Caribbean” was a five year project (2005-2011) funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project, which had an overall budget of USD 112 million, including co-financing, received grant cash funding from the GEF in the amount of USD 14 million.
GEF IWCAM served thirteen countries: Antigua & Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, and Trinidad & Tobago.
The overall objective of this project was to strengthen the commitment and capacity of its 13 participating countries to implement an integrated approach to the management of watersheds and coastal areas. The long-term goal was to enhance the capacity of the countries to plan and manage their aquatic resources and ecosystems on a sustainable basis. Activities under the project therefore sought to focus on improvements in integrated freshwater basin-coastal area management on each island of the regional groupings of Caribbean SIDS.
Upon completion, the GEF IWCAM Project had heightened awareness of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) processes, greater commitment to the ratification and implementation of the Protocol for the Control of Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution (LBS Protocol), developed a cadre of dedicated individuals trained in water quality monitoring and communication (particularly at the local and community levels), and heightened awareness on issues which give rise to deteriorating water quality in their immediate environment.
The project also successfully implemented demonstration and pilot projects. The demonstration projects contributed a wealth of experience and lessons learned especially in regard to practical approaches to integrated watershed and coastal areas management, and tangible evidence of benefits of the approach. Examples of the benefits include: improved access to water for human well-being, agriculture and basic sanitation; cleaner communities; the education of children on environmental issues; and professionals across the region developing and applying new skills.
Technical training was also a major success of the project as a number of persons benefited from several technical training workshops and exchanges organised by the Project Coordination Unit and other regional partners in areas such as Laboratory technologies, GIS, educational awareness, and project management. Training opportunities for various marketable skills were also provided to several communities, including training in water quality monitoring, installation of rain water harvesting systems, installation of alternative effluent management systems such as constructed wetlands, and exposure to operation and management of Integrated Pig Waste Management Systems (IPWMS).
The success of the GE IWCAM Project led to the realisation of a follow up project titled: the Integrating Water, Land and Ecosystem Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States (IWEco).
The GEF IWCAM project was co-implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and co-executed by the UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP), the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI, now the Environmental Health and Sustainable Development Department of CARPHA) and the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
The GEF IWCAM website is currently being migrated and will be available soon. For more information, please click here.
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded: Reducing Pesticide Runoff to the Caribbean Sea (REPCar) project was an agro-environmental initiative supporting the countries of Colombia, Costa Rica and Nicaragua. The project, with a total GEF cash grant of USD 4,295,000 aimed to protect the Caribbean marine environment by reducing the run-off of pesticides into the Caribbean Sea. This was achieved by the implementation of comprehensive management practices and specific measures to control the use and application of pesticides in the agricultural sector. These management practices were implemented through demonstration projects in the three participating countries of Colombia, Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
The GEF-REPCar Project succeeded in reducing pesticide run-off to the coasts and the associated potential degradation of the coastal and marine environment. The Project successfully tested new and innovative practices by farmers for reducing the use and run-off of pesticides; strengthened national laboratory capacities to conduct environmental monitoring; and improved national institutional, legal and policy frameworks that set the stage for the beneficiary countries to proceed with ratification and implementation of the LBS Protocol.
The different activities carried out have directly and/or indirectly influenced national policy specifically in regards to the management of pesticides, changes to legal frameworks, and the strengthening of established institutional capacity. An important baseline on pesticide residues in the marine and coastal environments of the participating countries was also generated, and the information is being utilized to guide future programmes, projects and activities. A major outcome of the project was the improved awareness of producers on environmental issues and the willingness to change their methods of production in response to the lessons learned and best practices showcased by the project.
The five year project began in 2005 and ended in 2011 and was implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and executed by UNEP’s Caribbean Environment Programme.
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The Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded project, “Sustainable Management of the Shared Living Marine Resources of the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME) and Adjacent Regions” began implementation in 2009 and ended in 2014. The GEF CLME project focused on the sustainable management of the shared living marine resources of the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and adjacent areas (North Brazil Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem) through an ecosystem-based management approach to among other things assist countries to meet the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) target for sustainable fisheries. To achieve its objective, the project had a total budget of USD54,599,227,including in kind contributions, USD7,008,116 of which was directly funded in cash by the GEF.
The GEF CLME project worked with the following participating countries: Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela and the USA.
The project assisted these participating countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to improve the management of their shared Living Marine Resources of the Caribbean and adjacent areas, most of which are considered to be fully or overexploited, through an Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) approach. The approach sought to identify and analyse major issues; improve the shared knowledge base; implement legal, policy and institutional reforms; and develop an institutional approach to the LME level monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
Trans-boundary issues that affect the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME) and the adjacent regions were addressed; particularly, unsustainable exploitation of fish and other living marine resources, habitat degradation, community modification, and pollution. The main achievement of the project was a development of an agreed program of interventions, called the Strategic Action Programme (SAP) which comprises of an agreed list of interventions including policy, legal and institutional reforms, conservation measures and pollution control. These collective proposed actions represent a commonly-agreed upon vision of the countries participating in the CLME Project. The shared vision and priority interventions, and reforms and investments will be required to ensure the sustainable provision of goods and services from living marine resources in the Wider Caribbean Region (WCR).
The success of the project has led to the development of a full sized project proposal for a second phase, CLME+, which seeks to implement the SAP completed under the CLME project and which has been politically endorsed by thirty ministers in over twenty countries in the Wider Caribbean Region making it the first time in the history of the GEF International Waters programme that so many countries have endorsed a SAP.
The GEF CLME project was implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) along with the support of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) as the cooperating agency. UNEP CEP provided direct technical support in the execution of demonstration projects and activities relating to marine and coastal ecosystem management.
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