Learn about the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols.
Status of Ratification
The Cartagena Convention has been ratified by 25 United Nations Member States in the Wider Caribbean Region. It covers the marine environment of the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and the areas of the Atlantic Ocean adjacent thereto, south of 30 north latitude and within 200 nautical miles of the Atlantic Coasts of the States.
Scroll down to view a List of Countries and Dates of Ratification for the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols.
The process for ratification can be reviewed here.
What is the Cartagena Convention?
The Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region (WCR) or Cartagena Convention is a regional legal agreement for the protection of the Caribbean Sea.
The Convention was adopted in Cartagena, Colombia on 24 March 1983 and entered into force on 11 October 1986.
The Convention is supported by three technical agreements or Protocols on Oil Spills, Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) and Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution (LBS).
The Regional Coordinating Unit (UNEP-CAR/RCU) was established in 1986 in Kingston, Jamaica and is the Secretariat to the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols.
What are Regional Activity Centres?
Each Protocol of the Cartagena Convention is served by one or more Regional Activity Centres (RACs). These centres are based in:
These centres provide technical support and expertise to assist Contracting Parties in meeting their obligations to the Convention and its Protocols. Other regional agencies provide additional technical assistance as part of a Regional Activity Network (RAN).
What does the Cartagena Convention focus on?
The Convention covers several aspects of marine pollution for which the Contracting Parties must adopt specific measures. These measures include to prevent, reduce and control:
Countries who are Contracting Parties to the Convention are also required to:
Cartagena Convention and Global Environmental Agreements
The Cartagena Convention works in support of other global environmental conventions, agreements and commitments such as:
UN Environment Agreements
International Maritime Organization (IMO) Agreements
Global Agreements and Commitments
Cartagena Convention Booklet
Status of ratification of the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols
(please scroll down for more information)
Date of Ratification or Accession
Cartagena Convention and
Oil Spills Protocol
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America
European Economic Commission
- Last Updated: March 2017
- N.B. The International Treaties Group updates this information periodically on the website of the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This can be accessed at: http://www.cancilleria.gov.co/juridicainternacional/tratados/depositarios